How Is Electricity Generated for Vehicles In Electric Cars?

Are you among those people who want eco-friendly cars in the backyard? If yes, then you must have enough knowledge about how much power it generates. Electric cars run on chargeable batteries. They use rechargeable batteries to store the electricity and use an electric motor to move the wheels. A home charger or a public charging station can be used to charge an electric vehicle.

Unlike traditional vehicles, electric vehicles have batteries to store energy. It runs on rechargeable batteries instead of fuel. But how is electricity generated for vehicles in electric cars? You are in the right spot to find the answer.

Types Of Electric Cars

The power generated by electric cars depends on the mode, car type, and brand. Before discussing how electricity is generated for vehicles in electric cars, let’s see the kind of electric cars in the market.

1. Conventional Hybrids

The conventional hybrid is a mix of a classic car and an electric vehicle. It has a petrol tank and uses internal power combustion, plus it has an electric motor powered by a battery. An example of a conventional hybrid car is Toyota Prius.

2. Plug-In Hybrid

The plug-in hybrid car gets to drive in both ways. That means you get the option of using a petrol tank or electric power. You can switch from one to another at any given point in time. 

3. Battery Electric Vehicle

These cars are fully automated and run by electric motors. These cars are fuel independent, and you can recharge the battery in the power station by plugging in the power socket. 

Inner Parts of Electric Vehicle

Firstly, you have to learn about the inner parts of the electric vehicle.

1. Electric Engine

This gives power to the wheels; these can be AC/DC type. The electric motor is present in every kind of EV. You can find it in electric bikes, electric skateboards, and hoverboards too.

2. Inverter

It converts electric current into Alternating Current (AC) or Direct Current(DC). The inverter can adjust the frequency of AC, which influences the speed at which the motor rotates. As a result, the inverter can increase or decrease the vehicle’s speed by increasing or decreasing the power or torque of the engine. 

3. Charger

It is the part which you can plug into the socket to charge. The charger converts alternating current, available on the electricity board, and converts it into direct current to store in the battery. It also helps control the voltage present in the battery cells by modifying the charge rate.

4. Batteries

It stores the electricity to run the EV. The battery pack is made of several cells that can be grouped into modules. When sufficient charge in the battery is stored, the vehicle is ready to drive. 

The technology of battery has improved from its predecessors. The new batteries are made of lithium-ion, and some have sodium-ion batteries. These charge fast and are durable in the long run.

Charging Of Electric Cars

The electric vehicles can be charged at a charging station or plug into a home charger. With the gaining popularity of electric cars, you can easily spot a charging point in your area. The three types of the charger are:

  • Three-pin plug- The standard three-pin-plug of electric charger can be connected to a socket of 13amp.
  • Socketed: It is a charger point where you can connect to both type1 and type 2 chargers.
  • Tethered: A charging point that comes with an in-built cable connected to both Type1 and Type 2 connectors.


Electric vehicles are sustainable are a suitable substitute for classic cars. It reduces carbon consumption and has a futuristic approach. In this article, we have discussed how electricity is generated for vehicles in electric cars. The power source of these cars is a motor and battery. The rechargeable battery runs the power, which eventually runs the car.

It is high time you should be part of the transition in technology. So, enjoy an enthralling ride with zero emission of toxic gases in the air. Electric bikes, hoverboards, and electric skateboards are popular electric vehicles along with electric cars. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Where does the electric car get electric energy?

Electric cars run on batteries that which you can charge from any local electricity network. However, the electricity which is produced in power plants isn’t emission-free. This is because most of the power plants produce electricity from fossil fuels. Around 60-70% of electricity is produced from fossil fuels, and the rest is made from solar and windmills.

Do electric vehicles need oil?

No, the electric vehicle does not need motor oil. It does not require oil as the car uses an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine.

Can we generate enough electricity for an electric vehicle?

With the explosion of electric vehicles in the market, the most challenging question is, is there enough electricity? The answer is yes. Electricity production from renewable sources is at its peak. A brand like Tesla uses Solar and Hydro energy to charge cars. It is a revolutionary method of reducing carbon consumptions.

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